Cosmetic surgery is no longer a privilege for celebrities and stars. Wrinkle lift here, liposuction there. Also, hair transplants are among the everyday operations in beauty clinics. But can these operations basically keep their promise? When is a transplant recommended and what risks can occur?
Redistribution instead of multiplication
Yes, a hair transplant can effectively block receding hairline or half-baldness. No, after a hair transplant, you do not suddenly have more hair on your head. The recipe is called redistribution.
The surgeon removes the hair follicles in places where hair growth is as dense as possible, and then reinserts them at the problem areas. The bottom line is that after the procedure you have the same amount of hair as before – they are only optimally distributed for the overall picture!
For the removal of the hair, there are two common methods:
- the FUE technique (Follicular Unit Extraction)In this technique, individual hair follicles are removed by means of a hollow needle and reused in the bald spot. There are only minimal scars left by the removal, but this procedure takes a long time and is extremely expensive. This is reflected in the high costs.
- the stripe techniqueFor the strip technique – usually at the back of the head – several centimeters long strips of skin are taken with hair. Under the microscope, the strip is then broken down into micrografts with 1 to 2 hair follicles and minigrafts with up to 5 follicles. These are then implanted in small holes in the bald head. The scar for the hair removal is significantly larger than the FUE technique, but the operation takes less time and is thus considerably cheaper.
Transplant for everyone?
Hair loss is not equal to hair loss but can have a variety of causes. Before going to the Beauty Clinic, be sure to visit a dermatologist to check the cause of the hair loss. On the one hand, it may be that after the release of the trigger hair sprout again by itself, on the other hand, diseases such as alopecia areata (circular hair loss), diabetes, dysfunction of the thyroid, hormonal disorders or infectious diseases such. the shingles stuck behind sudden hair loss. In these cases, hair loss is not a visual problem but an indication of a condition that needs to be addressed urgently in order to limit far-reaching health risks.
Only in the hereditary hair loss – the androgenetic alopecia – a transplantation of the hair follicles really makes sense, since here a long-term success can occur. In other cases, the growth of the transplanted hair does not guarantee new growth.
Beauty operation with risks
Like any (cosmetic) surgery, a hair transplant is not without its risks.
- Incompatibilities of anesthesia
- Delay wound healing
- Impairment of the nervous system in the scalp
Reputable clinics will educate you about any risks, discuss the course of the surgery with you, and give you instructions for optimal screening and follow-up.
Depending on the surgical procedure, transplantation can take up to several days. After completing the operation, you will usually remain in inpatient surveillance before being discharged home.
Wound pain in the removal area, swelling in the forehead and eye area, and irritation in the implantation area are frequent after effects of this operation. However, after a few days, these symptoms should be overcome. For an optimal wound healing process, sparing is in the first days. In addition, an antibiotic is usually prescribed to prevent infections.
Waiting for the success
Anyone who assumes that they will score points with their heads shortly after the hair transplantation will be disappointed: six to twelve months will pass before the final result is achieved!
In the first few weeks, the used grafts even repel the hair follicles – the hair falls out. This is a normal reaction due to the disruption of follicle oxygenation during surgery. Only after the rejection of the old hair, the new hairs slowly begin to grow. By that time, six to eight weeks have often already passed. Initially, the hair sprouts only sparsely in the implantation areas and only becomes denser and stronger over the next few months. It takes a good deal of patience and confidence until the hoped-for abundance is truly visible.